Absolutive Case ( Concept )
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/AbsolutiveCase


Thing
      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic Property
                  |_ Morphosyntactic Property
                        |_ Case Property
                              |_ Absolutive Case


Definition:

AbsolutiveCase in ergative-absolutive languages mark referents that would generally be the subjects of intransitive verbs or the objects of transitive verbs in the translational equivalents of nominative-accusative languages [Anderson 1985, 181; Crystal 1985, 1; Andrews 1985, 138].



Language Code: eus NO_COMMENT
2009-06-04 13:28:06
ama-rentzateros-id-it-u-tlore-ak
mother-SG.BENbuy-PFV3.ABS-PRS-PL-AUX.2.1.SG.ERGflower-PL.ABS
I have bought some flowers for mother

References:
Saltarelli (1988:156)

Language Code: bla Blackfoot example of plural number and animate gender.
2009-06-04 13:28:06
balangudaba?gulyara-?gubura-n
the.II.ABSdog.ABSthe.I.ERGman-ERGsee-PST
The man saw the dog.

References:
Mithun (1999:99) FROM Frantz (1991:8-9)

Language Code: mam In Northern Mam, the logical nonsubject takes on properties typical of the basic object.
2009-06-04 13:28:06
maØ-tx'eem-attzee?t-u?ncheep
tense3.SG.ABS-cut-PASStree3.SG.ERG-by.RNJosé
The tree was cut by José.

References:
Klaiman (1991:229) FROM England (1985:201)

Language Code: kek In Q'eqchi', the incorporating antipassive locks the P or logical object (basic absolutive) nominal from being assigned Focus salience. This correlates with the P's morphosyntactic downgrading, whereby it becomes insusceptible to any informational salience assignment.
2009-06-04 13:28:06
x-e'-sic'-o-ccapelicui?nk
tense-3.PL.ABS-pick-ANTIP-aspectcoffeethemen
The men picked coffee.

References:
Klaiman (1991:232) FROM Berinstein (1985:219)

Language Code: kek In Q'eqchi', the focus antipassive locks the P or logical object (basic absolutive) nominal from being assigned Focus salience. Topic salience is available for assignment to various arguments, including the P, but Focus salience is always assigned to A, and is therefore inaccessible to P or any other nominal.
2009-06-04 13:28:06
lituminla?inx-in-q'eu-o-ca?cu-er-e
themoney.TOP1.FOCtense-3.SG.ABS-give-ANTIP-aspect2.SG.ABS-DAT.RN3.SG.ERG-DAT.RN
The money, I was the one who gave it to you.

References:
Klaiman (1991:236) FROM Berinstein (1985:236)

Language Code: ixi In Nebaj Ixil, the personal passive is a passive in which the argument mapped to Object in a basic structural configuration assumes the Subject relation in a corresponding nonbasic configuration.
2009-06-04 13:28:06
katil-axØnajta?nixoj
aspectsee-PASS3.SG.ABShebyshe
He was seen by her.

References:
Klaiman (1991:244) FROM Ayres (1983:22)


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