Copula ( Concept )
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/Copula


Thing
      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic Property
                  |_ Part Of Speech Property
                        |_ Predicator
                              |_ Verbal
                                    |_ Copula


Definition:

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Language Code: eng Verbal Copula in English
2010-05-07 15:41:18

a. He is a teacher

b. The policeman seemed not at all satisfied

c. It got worse and worse


References:
[Hartmann and Stork 1972: 55]

Language Code: fin Verbal Copula in Finnish
2010-06-04 11:16:02
ystävä-nionpappi
friend-mycop.3sg.presvicar
‘My friend is a vicar.’

References:
[Fromm and Sadeniemi 1956: 115]

Language Code: heb Pro-Copula in Hebrew (Nonverbal Copula)
2010-06-04 11:18:03
Mošehustudent
Moshe3.sg.mstudent
‘Moshe is a student.’

References:
[Li and Thompson 1977: 428]

Language Code: kmn Particle Copula in Awtuw (Nonverbal Copula)
2010-06-04 11:19:49
wanporameyæn
1sgfoc/cophuman.being
‘I am a human being.’

References:
[Feldman 1986:148]

Language Code: sin Zero Copula in Sinhalese
2010-06-04 11:23:19
unnaeheehungakpresiddekene-k
heveryfamousperson-nom
‘He is/was a very famous person.’

References:
[Gair 1970: 145]

Language Code: rus Restricted Zero Copula in Russian
2010-06-04 11:44:06

a. ona vrač
she doctor
‘She is a doctor.’

b. on byl učenik-om
he be.m.pst pupil-instr
‘He was a pupil.’

In Russian, a zero copula is used in the present tense, whereas a full copula is mandatory for all other tenses.


References:
[Stassen 2008 p.c. with Maria Koptjevskaja-Tamm]


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