Ergative Case ( Concept )
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/ErgativeCase


Thing
      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic Property
                  |_ Morphosyntactic Property
                        |_ Case Property
                              |_ Ergative Case


Definition:

ErgativeCase in ergative-absolutive languages generally identifies the subject of transitive verbs in the translation equivalents of nominative-accusative Languages such as English [Crystal 1980, 134; Hartmann and Stork 1972, 78; Pei and Gaynor 1954, 67; Andrews 1985, 138].



2009-06-04 13:28:07
Paluru=rnitjitjitjukutjuku-ngkunya-ngu
3.SG.ERG=1.SG.OBJchildsmall-ERGsee-PST
He saw me when he was a small child.
Language Code: mam In Northern Mam, the logical nonsubject takes on properties typical of the basic object.
2009-06-04 13:28:07
maØ-tx'eem-attzee?t-u?ncheep
tense3.SG.ABS-cut-PASStree3.SG.ERG-by.RNJosé
The tree was cut by José.

References:
Klaiman (1991:229) FROM England (1985:201)

Language Code: kek In Q'eqchi', the focus antipassive locks the P or logical object (basic absolutive) nominal from being assigned Focus salience. Topic salience is available for assignment to various arguments, including the P, but Focus salience is always assigned to A, and is therefore inaccessible to P or any other nominal.
2009-06-04 13:28:07
lituminla?inx-in-q'eu-o-ca?cu-er-e
themoney.TOP1.FOCtense-3.SG.ABS-give-ANTIP-aspect2.SG.ABS-DAT.RN3.SG.ERG-DAT.RN
The money, I was the one who gave it to you.

References:
Klaiman (1991:236) FROM Berinstein (1985:236)

Language Code: bla Blackfoot example of plural number and animate gender.
2009-06-04 13:28:07
balangudaba?gulyara-?gubura-n
the.II.ABSdog.ABSthe.I.ERGman-ERGsee-PST
The man saw the dog.

References:
Mithun (1999:99) FROM Frantz (1991:8-9)

Language Code: mam In Northern Mam, the transitive subject takes on properties typical of the basic object. Since in an ergative language the same morphological behaviors accrue to transitive object (P) as to intransitive subject (A), one effect of antipassivization is to dissociate the transitive subject (A) from its usual case assignment, the ergative, and reassign it the absolutive.
2009-06-04 13:28:07
maØtzyuu-ncheept-i?jch'it
tense3.SG.ABSgrab-ANTIPJosé3.SG.ERG-P.RNbird
José grabbed the bird.

References:
Klaiman (1991:229) FROM England (1985:212)

Language Code: eus NO_COMMENT
2009-06-04 13:28:07
ama-rentzateros-id-it-u-tlore-ak
mother-SG.BENbuy-PFV3.ABS-PRS-PL-AUX.2.1.SG.ERGflower-PL.ABS
I have bought some flowers for mother

References:
Saltarelli (1988:156)


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