First Person ( Concept )
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/FirstPerson


Thing
      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic Property
                  |_ Morphosyntactic Property
                        |_ Person Property
                              |_ First Person


Definition:

First is a person property that refers minimally to the speaker. It may also refer to the speaker combined with either the addressee or the non-participant or both, allowing for the following subdivisions: a) first person b) first person inclusive c) first person exclusive [Cysouw 2003].



Language Code: spn The first example above, illustrating Indicative mood, may be compared with the second, which illustrates Subjunctive mood. Here, the subjunctive is used to express doubt about a proposition.
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Creoqueaprende
believe-1.SGthatlearn-3.SG.PRS.IND
I believe that he is learning.

References:
Palmer (2001:5) FROM Klein (1975)

Language Code: fuv In Nigerian Fulfulde, the active voice is associated with transitivity, when the action is performed by an agent (subject) on another participant (object), or with intransitivity.
2009-06-04 13:28:07
mi-ronnd-ii-ma
1-load-ACT-2
I put a head- load on you.

References:
McIntosh (1984:109)

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Paluru=rnitjitjitjukutjuku-ngkunya-ngu
3.SG.ERG=1.SG.OBJchildsmall-ERGsee-PST
He saw me when he was a small child.
Language Code: ltn Palmer notes that the Timitive Mood tends to be expressed with a verb of fearing plus a subjunctive verb in a subordinate clause.
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Timeonelaboremagueam
Ifearworkincrease-1.SG.PRS.SBJV
I am afraid that I shall increase my work

References:
Palmer (2001:133)

Language Code: eus NO_COMMENT
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ama-rentzateros-id-it-u-tlore-ak
mother-SG.BENbuy-PFV3.ABS-PRS-PL-AUX.2.1.SG.ERGflower-PL.ABS
I have bought some flowers for mother

References:
Saltarelli (1988:156)

Language Code: ygr These examples illustrate a reportedly binary, future/non-future tense system. Interlinear glosses are constructed here based on Haiman's discussion of verb stem alternations and their structures. Haiman reports that in Hua, Non-future tense is indicated by the lack of an auxiliary. This example is a Non-future tense with Interrogative Mood.
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hu-ve
do-1.Q.SG
Did I do?

References:
Haiman (1980:47, 140-1)

Language Code: bsw Paucal also known as 'lesser paucal' or 'small paucal' number refers to a few members of a specific class.
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luban-jaafoofe
lion-PAUCwatched-1-SG
I watched a few lions

References:
Corbett(2000:11)

Language Code: bsw General number refers to a noun without reference to a number; it is outside the number system.
2009-06-04 13:28:07
lúban-jaafoofe
lion-GENRLwatched-1-SG
I watched lion.

References:
Corbett(2000:11)

Language Code: crk In Plains Cree, the inverse voice signals when actions proceed from ontologically less salient to more salient participants.
2009-06-04 13:28:07
ni-sekih-iko-nanatim
1-scare-theme.INV-1.PLdog
The dog scares us.

References:
Klaiman (1991:32) FROM Wolfart (1973:25)

Language Code: sht This is an example of the hortative in Shastan.
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tá-hu·sáʔ
HORT.1.SG-talk
Let me talk!

References:
Mithin (1999:499) FROM Silver (1966)

Language Code: sht Volitive mode encodes that the speaker is willing to perform some action.
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t̓á-hu·sáʔ
VOL.1.SG-talk
I'll talk

References:
Mithun (1999:499)

Language Code: heb Masculine and feminine cardinal numerals usually go with masculine and feminine nouns, respectively. These nouns may be explicit or just implied.
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bikʃuxamiʃatikimve-hevénuʃiʃa
asked.3.PL5.Mbags.Mbrought.1.PL6.M
They asked for 5 bags and we brought 6.

References:
Glinert (1989:80-81)

Language Code: fuv In Nigerian Fulfulde, the exhortative is similar to the imperative command, except is only used with 1stPerson and 3rd person subject, expresses a peremptory command to begin an action that has not yet begun.
2009-06-04 13:28:07
'en-njoo?-oo
1.PL-sit-HORT
Let's sit down!

References:
McIntosh (1984:141)

Language Code: crk In Plains Cree, the direct voice signals that the action proceeds in an ontologically salient way, i.e. that salience is assigned to nominals based on their referen'ts relative real-world capacities to control situations.
2009-06-04 13:28:07
ni-sekih-a-nanatim
1-scare-theme.DIRV-1.PLdog
We scare the dog.

References:
Klaiman (1991:32) FROM Wolfart (1973:25)

Language Code: tix In Southern Tiwa, the locative passive is an oblique locative nominal that assumes the subject relation.
2009-06-04 13:28:07
in-seuan-wan-ban(na)
1.SG/3.SG.ANIM-man-come-PST(I)
The man came to me

References:
Klaiman (1991:17) FROM Allen, Gardiner and Frantz (1984:304-5)

Language Code: grc A typical function of the middle in Greek is to indicate an identity relation between the subject (or more properly, the source argument) and the direct object (or more properly, the undergoer). That is, a middle voice verb may convey reflexive or reciprocal activity.
2009-06-04 13:28:07
lou-omai
wash-MID.1.SG
I wash myself

References:
Klaiman (1998:32)

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Dudoqueaprenda
doubt-1.SGthatlearn-3.SG.PRS.SBJV
I doubt that he is learning.

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