First Person Exclusive ( Concept )
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/FirstPersonExclusive


Thing
      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic Property
                  |_ Morphosyntactic Property
                        |_ Person Property
                              |_ First Person Exclusive


Definition:

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2009-06-04 13:28:07

In a language, there has to be a First Person Inclusive for there to be a First Person Exclusive but, theoretically at least, the opposite need not hold.


Language Code: yap First person exclusive refers to the participants referred to but not the hearer.
2009-06-04 13:28:07
Kuguguy-eew
PRF1.EXCLsee-3.DUAL
We saw it.

References:
Siewierska (2003:142)

Language Code: alo Corbett refers to this language as one with a 'true' trial. That is, there is a morpheme that refers to precisely three, as opposed to some reported trials that seem to have a paucal function.
2009-06-04 13:28:07
Dumahimaaridunaʔa
housethat1.TRIAL.EXCLown.it
We three own that house.

References:
Corbett (2002:21) FROM Ladig and Ladig (1990)

Language Code: cdm This Chepang example illustrates the use of the suffix /dhaŋ-/, in combination with tense/aspect suffixes. With the immediate future, Caughley says that the action 'is about to begin'.
2009-06-04 13:28:07
ŋa-ʔi-dhaŋyo-dhaŋ-ca-ŋʔ
1.SG-AGR-IMM.FUTlook-IMM.FUT-FUT-1.EXCL
I am about to look/I will look now.

References:
Bybee, Perkins, and Pagliuca (1994:245-246) FROM Caughley (1982)

Language Code: cdm In Chepang, a simple Future may be expressed by suffixing /-ceʔ/ to the main verb.
2009-06-04 13:28:07
ŋa-ʔigoʔ-ceʔ-na-ŋ
1.SG-AGRcall-FUT-2-1.EXCL
I will/may call you

References:
Bybee, Perkins, and Pagliuca (1994:245-246) FROM Caughley (1982)


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