Second Person ( Concept )
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SecondPerson


Thing
      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic Property
                  |_ Morphosyntactic Property
                        |_ Person Property
                              |_ Second Person


Definition:

SecondPerson is a person property that refers minimally to the addressee [Crystal 1997, 285; Cysouw 2003, 75].



Language Code: fuv In Nigerian, the middle voice is associated with reflexivity and with borrowed verbal roots that would be semantically more compatible with ActiveVoice.
2009-06-04 13:28:09
a-ronnd-aake
2-load-MID
You put a head- load on yourself.

References:
McIntosh (1984:109)

Language Code: eus NO_COMMENT
2009-06-04 13:28:09
ama-rentzateros-id-it-u-tlore-ak
mother-SG.BENbuy-PFV3.ABS-PRS-PL-AUX.2.1.SG.ERGflower-PL.ABS
I have bought some flowers for mother

References:
Saltarelli (1988:156)

Language Code: xsl In Alyawarra and Slave, and also in Chepang, where the possibility marker does not carry the deleterious implication, the gram in question can also be used to issue warnings or (in other words) as an admonitive.
2009-06-04 13:28:09
go̜ts'ísóné
2.S.OPT.liePROH
Don't ever lie.

References:
Bybee, Perkins and Pagliuca (1994:212)

Language Code: fuv In Nigerian Fulfulde, the active voice is associated with transitivity, when the action is performed by an agent (subject) on another participant (object), or with intransitivity.
2009-06-04 13:28:09
mi-ronnd-ii-ma
1-load-ACT-2
I put a head- load on you.

References:
McIntosh (1984:109)

Language Code: wyb Commisive encodes that the speaker promises or threatens to perform some action (Palmer 2001: 10, 72).
2009-06-04 13:28:09
waŋa:y-ndu-galdhagurma-guyana-y-aga
NEG-2.NOM-PLcemetery-DATgo-COMM-IRR
You shall none of you go to the cemetery

References:
Palmer (2001:36)

Language Code: xsl In Alyawarra and Slave, and also in Chepang, where the possibility marker does not carry the deleterious implication, the gram in question can also be used to issue warnings or (in other words) as an admonitive.
2009-06-04 13:28:09
wo̜t'éesáná
2.S.OPT.burnPROH
You might get burned.

References:
Bybee, Perkins and Pagliuca (1994:211)

Language Code: kek In Q'eqchi', the focus antipassive locks the P or logical object (basic absolutive) nominal from being assigned Focus salience. Topic salience is available for assignment to various arguments, including the P, but Focus salience is always assigned to A, and is therefore inaccessible to P or any other nominal.
2009-06-04 13:28:09
lituminla?inx-in-q'eu-o-ca?cu-er-e
themoney.TOP1.FOCtense-3.SG.ABS-give-ANTIP-aspect2.SG.ABS-DAT.RN3.SG.ERG-DAT.RN
The money, I was the one who gave it to you.

References:
Klaiman (1991:236) FROM Berinstein (1985:236)

Language Code: djd A dual morpheme refers to exactly two.
2009-06-04 13:28:09
nanggayanguny-bi-yarluga?
who2.DU.A.3.SG.P-FUT-poke
Who do you two want to spear?

References:
Schultze-Berndt (2000:92)


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