Converb ( Concept )
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/Converb


Thing
      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic Property
                  |_ Part Of Speech Property
                        |_ Predicator
                              |_ Verbal
                                    |_ Converb


Definition:

A nonfinite verb form, i.e., lacking specifications for tense, mood, and agreement with their arguments, whose main function is to mark adverbial subordination. Converbal constructions are generally not arguments but modifiers, and they generally modify verbs, clauses or sentences, but not nouns or noun phrases. They are embedded or incorporated into the superordinate clause, and contrast with coordinate constructions. Converbal constructions can often be paraphrased by means of coordinate constructions in languages that allow coordination of clauses, such as in the gloss for the Korean example below. [Haspelmath 1995: 3-8]


Usage Notes

Examples
Language Code: ell Example in Modern Greek
2010-06-11 14:37:07
ikopélatónkítak-s-examojel-óndas
thegirlhimlook-AOR-3SGsmile-CONV
'The girl looked at him smiling.'

References:
Haspelmath 1995: 1

Language Code: kor Example in Korean
2010-06-11 15:04:33
achimmek-kohakkyoeykasseyyo
breakfasteat-CONVschooltowentPT
'I ate breakfast and went to school.'

References:
Haspelmath 1995: 2

Language Code: dif Example in Diyari
2010-06-11 15:09:50
nhulupukathayi-rna,nhawupali-rnawarrayi
he:ERGfoodeat-CONVhe:ABSdie-CONVAUX
'While eating some food, he died.'

References:
Austin 1981: 318


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