Declarative Force ( Concept )
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/DeclarativeForce


Thing
      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic Property
                  |_ Morphosyntactic Property
                        |_ Force Property
                              |_ Declarative Force


Definition:

Declarative force marks an unqualified assertion. This form is generally unmarked for modality, and thus may also be seen as Realis, while modal forms are Irrealis. In English, the Declarative is marked by the absence of a modal verb, although it will be marked for the other verbal categories, tense and aspect. [Palmer 2001: 64]

A term used in the grammatical classification of sentence types, and usually seen in contrast to imperative, interrogative, etc. It refers to verb forms or sentence/clause types typically used in the expression of statements, e.g. 'the man is walking'. The term 'indicative' is also sometimes used in this sense. [Crystal 2003: 124]


Usage Notes

Examples
Language Code: lis PhysicalAbilitive encodes an internal condition of ability, whereby the agent has the physical capacity to perform some action.
2009-06-04 13:28:06
ásanyaamikhwakwú-
AsaTOPfieldhoeable-DEC
Asa is physically able to hoe fields

References:
Palmer (2001:77)

Language Code: lis Obligative is a very common modal category and encodes that the subject is required to perform the action expressed by the predicate.
2009-06-04 13:28:06
ásanyaamikhwawa̪-wa̪
AsaTOPfieldhoeOBLIG-DECL
It is obligatory for Asa to hoe fields.

References:
Palmer (2001:72)

Language Code: lis Permissive encodes that the subject has permission to perform the action expressed by the predicate.
2009-06-04 13:28:06
ásanyaamikhwada̪-
AsaTOPfieldhoePERMIS-DECL
It is acceptable for Asa to hoe fields

References:
Palmer (2001:72)

Language Code: lis MentalAbilitive encodes an internal condition of ability, whereby the agent has the mental capacity to perform some action.
2009-06-04 13:28:06
ásanyaamikhwakwú-
AsaTOPfieldhoementally.able-DECL
Asa is able (knows how) to hoe fields

References:
Palmer (2001:77) FROM Hope (1974)


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