Masculine Gender ( Concept )
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/MasculineGender


Thing
      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic Property
                  |_ Morphosyntactic Property
                        |_ Gender Property
                              |_ Masculine Gender


Definition:

A gender property established on the basis of agreement, to which nouns may be assigned based on semantic or formal criteria. In semantic gender systems, nouns belonging to the masculine gender typically denote male humans as well as nouns meeting certain physical criteria. Some gender systems differentiate masculine nouns from all other nouns (e.g. masculine/other or male human/other), while others differentiate masculine, feminine and neuter nouns or several different gender classes. [Corbett 1991: 30]


Usage Notes
2009-06-04 13:28:08

Languages may differ with regard to the point in the animacy hierarchy where sex-based gender assignment occurs (e.g., whether masculine or feminine is restricted to humans only, or includes domestic animals etc.). Typically, with lower-order animates, sex-based assignment will not play a role. As well as the label 'masculine', it is also possible to use an arbitrary label, such as an ArabicNumeralGender or romanNumeralGender for this value. This may be the case in certain traditions (e.g., descriptions of Bantu and Daghestanian languages) where there is a larger number of gender values, or where the sex-based assignment system is limited to a particular portion of the animates.


Examples
2009-06-04 13:28:08
na-rangemna-mak
I-boyM-good
good boy
Language Code: chh In Chinook, some stems can take either masculine, feminine, or neuter prefixes, with concordant semantic impact on the word. Other stems take only one gender affix. The semantic basis for this classification is not completely transparent, but some tendencies do occur, e.g. large animals tend to be masculine while small ones tend to be feminine; qualities tend to be masculine while plants and related implements tend to be feminine; many neuter nouns are mass nouns
2009-06-04 13:28:08
i-qʔiúqt
M-old.person
old man

References:
Mithun (1999:96-7) FROM Hymes (1955:90-131)


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