Morpheme ( Concept )
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/Morpheme


Thing
      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic Unit
                  |_ Grammar Unit
                        |_ Morpheme

Direct SubConcepts:

BoundMorpheme  Clitic  Compound  FreeMorpheme  Root  Stem  Affix  



Definition:

The smallest functioning unit in the composition of words, and the minimal distinctive unit of grammar. Morphemes are commonly classified into free forms (morphemes which can occur as separate words) adn bound forms (morphemes which cannot so occur - mainly affixes). A further distinction may be made between lexical and grammatical morphemes; the former are morphemes used for the construction of new words in a language; the latter are morphemes used to express grammatical relationships between a word and its context. [Crystal 2008: 300]


Usage Notes

Examples

PropertiesValuesDefinition
acoustic Realization Spoken Linguistic Expression     The relation between some linguistic unit and its corresponding spoken expression.
constituents Thing     The relation holding between a linguistic unit and a list (rdf:Seq) of its constituents.
has Constituent Linguistic Unit     The relation hasConstituent is an abstract partial ordering relation that expresses dominance between two linguistic units. This relation is meant to cover all possible types of linguistic constituency: phonological, morphological, syntactic, etc. constituency.
in Language Human Language Variety     The relation that holds between a LinguisticSign and a Language. The sign is said to be a member or part of that language.
ordering Relation Linguistic Unit     Any relation that establishes a linear ordering of linguistic units.
realization Linguistic Expression     The relation holding between a linguistic unit and its physical form, either a spoken, written or signed expression.
signed Realization Signed Linguistic Expression     The relation between some linguistic unit and its corresponding signed expression.
string Rep string    
written Realization Written Linguistic Expression     The relation between some linguistic unit and its corresponding written expression.

User Submitted Issues
Status: Pending Portmanteau Morpheme in Hindi - Amitabhvikram Dwivedi
2010-09-21 23:51:01

Portmanteau morphmeme is a morpheme that represents more than one grammatical functions i.e tense, gender, and number. In portmanteau morpheme this blending of different morphemes does not change the grammatical category of the word. Therefore, they come under inflectional morphology.

The examples of portmanteau morpheme in Hindi are:

1 The root /ladak/ realed to 'in the process of being young'
2 The stem /ladak/ for /ladakpan/ 'adolescence'
3 The stem /ladak/ for /ladaka:/ 'boy' showing singular male (two functions)
4 The stem /ladak/ for /ladaki/ 'girl' showing singular female (two functions)
5 The stem /ladak/ for /ladake/ 'boys' showing plural male (two functions)
6 The stem /ladak/ for /ladako/ 'boys' showing plural male in ergative case as in ladako-ne ka:m kiya:
Boys work did
'Boys did the work'
7 The stem /ladak/ for /ladakiyan/ 'girls' showing plural female