Spoken Language ( Concept )
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/SpokenLanguage


Thing
      |_ Abstract
            |_ Linguistic System
                  |_ Human Language Variety
                        |_ Spoken Language


Definition:

One of the modes of linguistic communication. As distinct from written language, it is characterized by repetition, hesitation forms, pauses, variations in articulation, lapses, as well as differences in vocabulary and grammar. The primary importance spoken language in the analysis, description and teaching of languages has been stressed frequently. Alternative terms: speech, conversation. [Hartmann and Stork 1972: 217]


Usage Notes

Examples

PropertiesValuesDefinition
ancestor Variety Human Language Variety     ancestorVariety is the predicate expressing the basic diachronic relationship between a language variety that existed some time in the past and a variety existing at a later time such that the former has evolved into the latter through regular language change.
genetically Related Human Language Variety     geneticallyRelated is the basic kinship relation between languages varieties. If two language varieties are genetically related, then this implies that both varieties are derived from a common proto-language.
mutually Intelligible Human Language Variety     mutuallyIntelligible is the binary, symmetric relation holding between two language varieties such that speakers of the first variety can communicate with members of the second with relative ease, and vice versa.
parent Variety Human Language Variety     parentVariety is the relation of direct genetic relatedness, where there are no intermediate ancestors between the ancestor and descendant. For example, Old English is the parent variety of Middle English.

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